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How to remove oil pan on 1999 ford explorer?


Oil Pan






REMOVAL & INSTALLATION for ford explorer eddie bauer




4.0L Engine (VIN X)
See Figures 5 and 6
Review the complete service procedure before starting this repair.
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable. Remove the complete engine assembly from the vehicle. Refer to the necessary service procedures in this section.
  2. Mount the engine on a suitable engine stand with oil pan facing up.
  3. Remove the oil pan attaching bolts (note location of 2 spacers) and remove the pan from the engine block.
  4. Remove the oil pan gasket and crankshaft rear main bearing cap wedge seal.
  5. Clean all gasket surfaces on the engine and oil pan. Remove all traces of old gasket and/or sealer.
To install:
  1. Install a new crankshaft rear main bearing cap wedge seal. The seal should fit snugly into the sides of the rear main bearing cap.


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. Fig. 5: Oil pan installation on the 4.0L engine (VIN X)


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. Fig. 6: Checking oil pan alignment on the 4.0L engine (VIN X)
  1. Position the oil pan gasket to the engine block and place the oil pan in correct position on the 4 locating studs.
  2. Tighten the oil pan retaining bolts EVENLY to 5-7 ft. lbs.
  3. The transmission bolts to the engine and oil pan. There are 2 spacers on the rear of the oil pan to allow proper mating of the transmission and oil pan. If these spacers were lost, or the oil pan was replaced, you must determine the proper spacers to install. To do this:
    1. With the oil pan installed, place a straightedge across the machined mating surface of the rear of the block, extending over the oil pan-to-transmission mounting surface.
    2. Using a feeler gauge, measure the gap between the oil pan mounting pad and the straightedge.
    3. Repeat the procedure for the other side.
    4. Select the spacers as follows:

      Gap = 0.011-0.020 in.; spacer = 0.010 in.
      Gap = 0.021-0.029 in.; spacer = 0.020 in.
      Gap = 0.030-0.039 in.; spacer = 0.030 in.
Failure to use the correct spacers will result in damage to the oil pan and oil leakage.
  1. Install the selected spacers to the mounting pads on the rear of the oil pan before bolting the engine and transmission together. Install the engine assembly in the vehicle.
  2. Connect the negative battery cable. Start the engine and check for leaks.
4.0L SOHC Engine (VIN E)
See Figure 7
The 4.0L SOHC engine does not use an oil pan in the conventional sense. There is a separate access panel that unbolts from what would be considered the oil pan (which is now known as the ladder frame).
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  3. Drain the engine oil.


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. Fig. 7: Exploded view of the 4.0L SOHC engine oil pan assembly
  1. Remove the ten oil pan bolts and remove the pan.
  2. Installation is the reverse of removal. Clean the gasket mating surfaces and install a new gasket. Tighten the pan bolts to 6-7.4 ft. lbs. (8-10 Nm). Refill the engine with clean oil.
5.0L Engine
See Figure 8
The oil pan cannot be removed with the engine in the vehicle.
  1. Remove the engine.
  2. Drain the engine oil.


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. Fig. 8: Exploded view of the 5.0L engine oil pan
  1. Remove the oil pan bolts.
  2. Remove the oil pan and gasket.
  3. Installation is the reverse of removal. Use RTV sealer at the four corners of the block and pan. Tighten the four oil pan end attaching bolts to 12-18 ft. lbs. (16-25 Nm) and the 18 oil pan bolts to 110-144 inch lbs. (13-16 Nm).


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2.3L and 2.5L Engines
See Figure 1


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. Fig. 1: Oil pan on the 1994 2.3L engine-1995-99 engines similar
  1. Disconnect the battery ground cable.
  2. Remove the engine assembly from vehicle.

CAUTION
Do NOT turn the engine assembly upside down with the oil pan still attached. Sludge and debris in the oil pan will fall into the cylinders, pistons and connecting rods, possibly causing rapid wear. Sludge may also plug the engine oil pickup screen.

  1. Mount the engine assembly on an engine stand with the engine mounted in the upright position.
  2. Remove the oil pan mounting bolts.
  3. Remove the oil pan from the engine.
  4. Remove and discard the oil pan gasket. Thoroughly clean all gasket mating surfaces.
To install:
Wait no longer than 4 minutes after applying silicone gasket sealant to install the oil pan.
  1. Apply a 0.24 inch (6mm) bead of silicone gasket sealant in six places; on both sides of the rear main cap and front cover humps and along the seams for the cover-to-engine block.
  2. Position and press into place the new oil pan gasket onto the oil pan mounting flange.
  3. Using a straight edge, line up the oil pan to the engine block.
  4. Install the oil pan mounting bolts. The 2 long bolts are installed in the two rear pan holes (holes 15 and 18 shown in the illustration) near the flywheel.
  5. Tighten the oil pan bolts, in sequence, to 124-141 inch lbs. (14-16 Nm).
  6. Install the engine assembly into the vehicle.
  7. Connect the negative battery cable. Fill the engine with the proper amount and type of engine oil. Add all necessary fluids and be sure that all components are installed/connected correctly.
2.9L Engines
See Figures 2 and 3
  1. Disconnect the battery ground cable.
  2. Remove the carburetor air cleaner assembly.
  3. Remove the fan shroud and position it over the fan.
  4. Remove the distributor cap with the wires still attached, and position it forward of the dash panel.
  5. Remove the distributor and cover the opening with a clean rag.
  6. Remove the nuts attaching the front engine mounts to the cross member.
  7. Remove the engine oil dipstick tube.
  8. Raise the truck on a hoist and support with jackstands.
  9. Drain the engine crankcase and remove the oil filter.

CAUTION
The EPA warns that prolonged contact with used engine oil may cause a number of skin disorders, including cancer! You should make every effort to minimize your exposure to used engine oil. Protective gloves should be worn when changing the oil. Wash your hands and any other exposed skin areas as soon as possible after exposure to used engine oil. Soap and water, or waterless hand cleaner should be used.

  1. Remove the transmission fluid filler tube and plug the hole in the pan, On automatic transmission models.
  2. Disconnect the muffler inlet pipes.
  3. If equipped with an oil cooler, disconnect the bracket and lower the cooler.
  4. Remove the starter motor.
  5. On automatic transmission models, position the cooler lines out of the way.
  6. Disconnect the front stabilizer bar and position it forward.
  7. Position a jack under the engine and raise the engine until it touches the dash panel. Install wooden blocks between the front motor mounts and the no. 2 crossmember.
  8. Lower the engine onto the blocks and remove the jack.
  9. Remove the oil pan attaching bolts and lower the pan assembly.
  10. Installation is the reverse of the removal procedure


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. Fig. 2: Oil pan gasket positioning on the 2.9L engine


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. Fig. 3: Oil pan bolt torque sequence on the 2.9L engine
3.0L Engine
See Figure 4
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Remove the oil level dipstick.
  3. Remove the fan shroud. Leave the fan shroud over the fan assembly.
  4. Remove the motor mount nuts from the frame.

WARNING
On models equipped with distributor ignition, failure to remove the distributor will damage or break it when the engine is lifted.

  1. If equipped, mark and remove the distributor assembly from the engine.
  2. Raise and support the vehicle safely. Remove the oil level sensor wire.
  3. Drain the engine oil from the crankcase into a suitable container and dispose of it properly.

CAUTION
The EPA warns that prolonged contact with used engine oil may cause a number of skin disorders, including cancer! You should make every effort to minimize your exposure to used engine oil. Protective gloves should be worn when changing the oil. Wash your hands and any other exposed skin areas as soon as possible after exposure to used engine oil. Soap and water, or waterless hand cleaner should be used.

  1. Remove the starter motor from the engine.
  2. Remove the transmission inspection cover.
  3. Remove the right hand axle I-Beam. The brake caliper must be removed and secured out of the way. Refer to the necessary service procedures.
  4. Remove the oil pan attaching bolts, using a suitable lifting device, raise the engine about 2 inches. Remove the oil pan from the engine block.
Oil pan fits tightly between the transmission spacer plate and oil pump pickup tube. Use care when removing the oil pan from the engine.
  1. Clean all gasket surfaces on the engine and oil pan. Remove all traces of old gasket and/or sealer.
To install:
  1. Apply a 4mm bead of RTV sealer to the junctions of the rear main bearing cap and block, and the front cover and block. The sealer sets in 15 minutes, so work quickly!
  2. Apply adhesive to the gasket mating surfaces and install oil pan gasket.
  3. Install the oil pan on the engine block.


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. Fig. 4: Oil pan installation for the 3.0L engine
  1. Tighten the pan bolts EVENLY to 9 ft. lbs. working from the center to the end position on the oil pan.
  2. Install low-oil level sensor connector. Lower engine assembly to original position.
  3. Install right hand axle I-Beam. Install the brake caliper. Refer to the necessary service procedures.
  4. Install transmission inspection cover. Install starter motor.
  5. Lower the vehicle and install the fan shroud.
  6. Install motor mount retaining nuts. If removed, install distributor assembly.
  7. Replace the oil level dipstick. Connect the battery ground. Fill crankcase with the correct amount of new engine oil. Start engine and check for leaks.
  8. If equipped with distributor ignition, check the base ignition timing.

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