how to remove drum back on the 2002 Ford Focus?

Time Required:
About an hour

Tools Needed:

  • Side cutters or needle nose pliers
  • 13mm socket
  • swivel adapter
  • 6�-8� extension
  • ratchet
  • At least 2 cans of brake clean
  • Some silicone grease or equivalent.


    Tech Notes:
    When cleaning the brakes, use Brake clean in a well-ventilated area and apply liberally, you will not harm the shoes material, so dont be afraid to soak everything!

    When applying the lube on the backing plate, also, apply that liberally, however, if ANY gets on the shoe material, it must be cleaned with brake cleaner, but be sure not to wash away the lube you just installed.

    When trying to install the retaining bolts for the spindles, it may take some lifting and turning of the drum to line up all the bolt holes.

    (Click on images to zoom them)
    1) Raise the vehicle
  • Note: this is the location I put the rear jack stands, it is such a location, you can jack up one side in the rear, place both jack stands and lower the car onto them.

    2) Remove the tires.

    3) Using the 13mm socket, swivel adapter and extension, remove the 4 spindle retaining bolts.

    Note: For vehicles with ABS, disconnect ABS connector.

    4) Once all 4 spindle bolts are removed, simply pull the drum off the rear brakes.

    Note: For vehicles with ABS, the wire from the connector that was unplugged will come out with the spindle.

    5) Now that the drums are removed, you will see the dirty rear brakes

    Use the Brake clean and totally spray the whole assembly down until cleaned.

    Then spray the drum out.

    6) Remove the retaining clips by simply using a screwdriver and push down on them.

    7) You can then wiggle, pull and push to get the assembly of the rear brakes off the backing plate.

    8) Remove the parking brake cable from the brake assembly and the whole assembly can be set aside.
    Note: It is your call if you want to totally disassemble the brakes, here is a pic of that.

    9) Proceed to clean the backing plate with the brake clean, then wipe the rub points dry.

    10) Apply the silicone lube or whatever you choose to use. Apply liberlly to the backing plate and rub points, but remember to clean any lube off of the brake pad surface itself.

    11) Now that all that is done, you can place the entire assembly back onto the parking brake cable.

    12) Squeeze the pistons for the wheel cylinder in towards each other to make the brake assembly fit around it.

    13) Once the assembly is back on the backing plates, you need to install the pins through the backing plate and install the retaining clips.

    Note: In order to install the retaining clips, you need to hold the pin from the back of the drum, and make it point as far up as possible. Then using needle nose pliers or a pair of side cutters, push the retaining clip in and let the pin drop into the clip and release the clip.

    14) Once all that is installed, make sure the shoes are about centered and even with each other. Take and separate the little cam on the adjuster

    and make the shoes get as close to each other as possible.

    15) Make sure the shoe surface is totally cleaned then place the drum and spindle assembly back over the shoes.
    Note: For vehicles with ABS, the wire for the wheel speed sensor will need to go back through the backing plate the same way it came out.
    Note: If the drum doesn�t fit, try shifting the shoes up and down and you should be able to get it over the assembly.

    16) Reinstall the spindle retaining bolts and torque to 49 lb/ft.

    17) Reinstall the wheels, torque Lug nuts to 94 lb/ft.

    18) Lower vehicle.
    Note: Before driving vehicle, pump the brake pedal to ensure the shoes are adjusted out enough to be functional. You will hear a clicking type sound, this is the adjusters adjusting.

  • Park the vehicle on a firm and level surface. Put automatic transmissions in park and put manual transmissions in first or reverse gear. Do not set the emergency brake. Securely block the front wheels to prevent movement of the car. Loosen the lug nuts on the rear wheel one full turn and then jack the car up. Place the car securely on an axle stand. Completely remove the lug nuts and pull the wheel off.

  • Remove the four retaining bolts that secure the drum and hub assembly. The bolts are accessed from the rear of the brake, and can be best reached with a socket wrench, swivel adapter and extension. If you do not have a swivel adapter, then remove the retaining bolt that secures the lower end of the strut and swing the strut out of the way to give clear access to the drum assembly retaining bolts. If the vehicle is equipped with ABS brakes, then disconnect the ABS wire by pulling the plug out of the receptacle on the brake backing plate. Pull the drum and hub off the axle spindle. If the drum is difficult to remove, first be sure the parking brake is fully disengaged. Firmly tap the outside shoulder of the drum with a rubber or plastic mallet to loosen the drum. This is the drum-removal procedure as recommended in the Focus shop manual.

  • An alternative drum-removal procedure is to remove the hub nut that holds the drum to the hub and then pull the drum straight off the hub. To access the hub nut, first pry off the hub nut cap. Be careful not to damage the cap so that it can be reused during reassembly. Use a large socket and breaker bar to remove the hub nut. If the drum is difficult to remove, first be sure the parking brake is fully disengaged. Firmly tap the outside shoulder of the drum with rubber or plastic mallet to loosen the drum.

  • Wheel Hub


    Release the parking brake adjustment. Loosen the wheel nuts.

    Raise and support the vehicle.

    Remove the wheel.NOTE: If the dust cap is damaged on removal a new dust cap must be used on installation.

    Remove the dust cap.

    Remove the hub retaining nut.

    Remove the hub assembly.

    Installation To install, reverse the removal procedure.

    Tighten the parking brake adjustment.

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